What is GLUCAGON used for?
GLUCAGON (glucagon for injection, rDNA origin) and the GLUCAGON kit are used for emergency treatment of severe hypoglycemia (unconsciousness due to low blood glucose), which may occur in diabetic patients treated with insulin.
What does GLUCAGON do?
GLUCAGON is a high blood sugar agent that causes an increase in blood glucose concentration. It works by acting on the liver glycogen and converting it to glucose.
Ask for support
Tell your friends, family, caregivers or co-workers about your GLUCAGON needs:
- How to use GLUCAGON and where it is kept before an emergency arises
- They must inject GLUCAGON into a muscle
- You must be given a high-sugar snack like sweets, biscuits or fruit juice after you have responded to treatment (as soon as you are able to take it). This is because glucagon depletes glycogen stores. The high-sugar snack will prevent relapse of the hypoglycemia
- After using GLUCAGON, you or someone else must contact your doctor or healthcare provider. You need to find out why you had severe hypoglycemia and how to avoid it happening again
Low blood sugar symptoms
Symptoms of low blood glucose include:
GLUCAGON should be given only if the patient is unconscious or unresponsive and unable to ingest oral glucose.
Because GLUCAGON is of little help in states of starvation, adrenal insufficiency or chronic hypoglycemia, intravenous glucose should be used for treatment of hypoglycemia in those conditions.
If the patient does not awaken within 15 minutes, give another dose of GLUCAGON and call a physician immediately.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if:
- you are fasting, have low levels of adrenaline, chronic low blood sugar or low levels of liver glycogen due to excessive consumption of alcohol
- you have chronic hypoglycemia
- you have an adrenal gland OR insulin-releasing tumour
- you are pregnant or breastfeeding
- you are allergic to glucagon, lactose or glycerin
If overdosage occurs, it would be associated with nausea, vomiting, stomach relaxation and diarrhea. For management of a suspected drug overdose, contact a healthcare practitioner, hospital emergency department or regional poison control centre.
1 mg/1 mL (1 unit/1 mL)
- Children >weighing more than 20 kg (44 lb):
1 mg/mL (1 unit/1 mL)
- Children <weighing less than 20 kg (44 lb):
0.5 mg/1 mL (0.5 unit/1 mL)
Doses must be given by subcutaneous, intramuscular or intravenous injection.
Before reconstitution, vials of GLUCAGON and prefilled diluting solution may be stored at room temperature (15° to 30°C).
Reconstituted GLUCAGON should be used immediately after reconstitution. Discard any unused portion.
The expiry date is printed on the package label. Do not use past the expiry date.
A person with severe low blood sugar may be unable to take sugar orally due to unconsciousness, seizure or convulsions. This is when a shot of GLUCAGON is needed.
2. When preparing GLUCAGON, what should you do first?
Reconstitution comes first. You need to inject the contents of the syringe into the bottle first to mix them, then withdraw the solution back into the same syringe. Then you can inject GLUCAGON.
After you inject, withdraw the needle, press an alcohol swab to the site and turn the person on their side to prevent choking.
A GLUCAGON injection may be given in the buttock, arm or thigh.
Do not use GLUCAGON after the expiration date, or if the solution appears cloudy after mixing. It should appear clear and have a water-like consistency.
Sources of fast-acting sugar include sugar-containing fruit juices or soft drinks.
Congratulations on completing the Lilly GLUCAGON Quiz. Remember, you can always come back to practice and help prepare yourself in case of an emergency.